A medieval Virgin and Child that survived the ravages of the Reformation has returned to England for the first time in 600 years.

The alabaster statue, thought to have been made around 1350 in the Midlands, is hailed as a masterpiece and is now on display at the British Museum.

Historian Tom Holland described it as “a haunting glimpse of what we lost”.

Lloyd de Beer, co-curator of the medieval collection at the museum, told the Guardian: “When you look at an object like this and think what it has endured, it is so moving. If the British Museum exists for nothing else, it exists for this.”

The history of the statue is uncertain. For many years it was kept at a Benedictine monastery in St-Truiden, Belgium. It is unclear if it had been purchased before the Reformation or smuggled out during it. Experts at the British Museum suggest the former is more likely.

The abbey was suppressed and plundered by French Revolutionary forces in 1794 but the statue somehow survived. It was exhibited in Brussels 70 years later and has been in the hands of private collectors ever since.

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